Prayer Times and Athan:
- Athan and Prayer Times in the U.S.
Athan app for phones:
Five Daily Prayers (Fard/Mandatory Prayers):
- Fajr (Dawn Prayer): Pray 2 rakat (prayed out-loud)
- Dhuhr (Noon Prayer): Pray 4 rakat (prayed silently) (Friday Prayer led by the Imam in the Mosque is only 2 rakat, the sermon is the reward of the first 2 rakat)
- Asr (Afternoon Prayer): Pray 4 rakat (prayed silently)
- Maghrib (Evening Prayer): Pray 3 rakat (prayed out-loud)
- Isha (Night Prayer): Pray 4 rakat (prayed out-loud)
How to Pray:
- First Make Wudu (Ablution): The absolute first thing that you need to do first is make your intention and say Bismillah (بسم الله ) which means in the name of God (i.e. you can say: “I intend to make wudu, Bismillah (بسم الله)”). Then with clean water, you wash your hands (right and then the left) three times, rinse your mouth three times, rinse your nose three times, wash your face three times, wash your arms (including the elbows) three times, run wet hands through the hair on the top of your head once, wet your fingers and clean your ears, then wash your feet, right and then left (including in between your toes and your ankles) three times.
- Then pray (this is one of ways to pray, there are different variations of how to pray depending on the school of thought):
- Here is another way (without moving one foot to the side in sujood (both ways are correct):
- You can also download this pdf for detailed information about wudu and prayer:
- Here is a free phone app on how to perform the prayer step by step:
Note: I strongly recommend that new converts ask their local Imam at the mosque to show them how to pray and make wudu to make sure that no mistakes are made.
Supplemental Prayers (Recommended, but not madatory):
- 2 rakat prayed before Fajr prayer
- 4 rakat prayed before Dhuhr and 2 or 4 rakat prayed after Dhuhr prayer
- There is no sunnah prayer after Asr
- 2 rakat prayed after Maghrib prayer
- 2 rakat prayed after Isha prayer
Extra Sunnah Prayers:
- Qiyam Al-Layl (The Night Prayer): Prayed during the night in the time between Isha and Fajr (as many rakat as you like as long as you pray them 2 rakat at a time).
- Salat Al-Witr (prayed after Isha and after Qiayam Al-Layl): Has an odd number of rakat (either 1 or 3):
- TaraweeH prayer: Special Night Prayer during Ramadan after Isha prayer (similar to Qiyam Al-Layl and usually prayed in the mosque) where the entire Quran is recited during prayers in the 30 days of Ramadan.
- Tahajjud Prayer: Special Night Prayer during the last ten days of Ramadan where the entire Quran is recited during the prayers in those ten nights. (Usually prayed in the mosque.)
- Istihara prayer: Special prayer when seeking Allah’s guidance in making any big or small decision. Pray 2 rakat then read/say the special supplication:
Prophet Mohammed (Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him) said: “If any one of you is concerned about a decision he has to make, then let him pray two rakaahs of non-obligatory prayer, then say:
Allaahumma inni astakheeruka bi ‘ilmika wa astaqdiruka bi qudratika wa as’aluka min fadlika, fa innaka taqdiru wa laa aqdir, wa ta’lamu wa laa a’lam, wa anta ‘allaam al-ghuyoob. Allaahumma fa in kunta ta’lamu haadha’l-amra (then the matter should be mentioned by name) khayran li fi ‘aajil amri wa aajilihi (or: fi deeni wa ma’aashi wa ‘aaqibati amri) faqdurhu li wa yassirhu li thumma baarik li fihi. Allaahumma wa in kunta ta’lamu annahu sharrun li fi deeni wa ma’aashi wa ‘aaqibati amri (or: fi ‘aajili amri wa aajilihi) fasrifni ‘anhu [wasrafhu ‘anni] waqdur li al-khayr haythu kaana thumma radini bihi
Translation: O Allaah, I seek Your guidance [in making a choice] by virtue of Your knowledge, and I seek ability by virtue of Your power, and I ask You of Your great bounty. You have power, I have none. And You know, I know not. You are the Knower of hidden things. O Allaah, if in Your knowledge, this matter (then it should be mentioned by name) is good for me both in this world and in the Hereafter (or: in my religion, my livelihood and my affairs), then ordain it for me, make it easy for me, and bless it for me. And if in Your knowledge it is bad for me and for my religion, my livelihood and my affairs (or: for me both in this world and the next), then turn me away from it, [and turn it away from me], and ordain for me the good wherever it may be and make me pleased with it.”
(Reported by al-Bukhaari, 6841; similar reports are also recorded by al-Tirmidhi, al-Nisaa’i, Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah and Ahmad).
U.S. Mosque Finder: